The City of Sigulda (had been named Segewold till 1917) is located in the historical and cultural region of Vidzeme, 53 km northeastward of Riga (the capital of Latvia),
in the most picturesque part of the primeval valley of the Gauja River. Because of this, since time immemorial Sigulda and its surroundings have been called the "Switzerland of Vidzeme".
Sigulda began to develop as a small health resort town (in the Governorate of Livonia, one of the three Baltic governorates of the Russian Empire) since the close of the 19th century when
the well-off began to acquire land parcels here. Then Sigulda turned quite rapidly into an extremely popular place of recreation. Beautiful sceneries, ancient castles, protected trails –
all these were creating an ideal background for very positive emotions and senses.
Since 1973, Sigulda has been a centre of the Gauja National Park
, the first and the largest (917.45 sq km)
national park of Latvia. Besides forests, rivers, rocks and caves, the Gauja National Park also includes over 500 cultural-historical monuments: castles, churches, estates, water and
windmills, many objects of art and archaeology.
Long ago, Sigulda has also become world famous centre of winter sports. Here there are an excellent sledge-bobsleigh track, alpine skiing tracks and ski tracks.
In 1928, Sigulda got city rights. According to the statistics from 01.01.2016, the population of Sigulda was 11821 people and the population of Sigulda municipality (Latvian: Siguldas
novads) was 18393 people.